Eden Gardens (Bengali: ইডেন গার্ডেন্স) is a cricket ground in
Kolkata (previously called Calcutta),
India. It is the home of the Bengal cricket team and the Indian Premier League's Kolkata Knight Riders, as well as being a Test and One Day International ground.
It is the largest cricket stadium in India by seating capacity. It is
widely acknowledged to be the most iconic cricket stadium in the
Established in 1864, Eden Gardens is expected to hold 82,000 people
following renovations that are expected to be completed before the start
of the 2011 World Cup; a capacity down from an estimated 86,961 before
the upgrade. Prior to the 1987 World Cup, the capacity was said to be
approximately 130,000; however, no official figures have been recorded. Nevertheless, it will remain second biggest cricket stadium in the world, behind the Melbourne Cricket Ground in Australia and Eden Gardens is also the second largest stadium in India behind the Salt Lake Stadium also situated in Kolkata.
The stadium is located in the Binoy Badal Dinesh Bag(BBD Bag) area of
the city, near the State Secretariat and the High Court. The first
recorded Test at the venue was held in 1934, and its first One Day
International in 1987. Sporting floodlights, bowlers deliver from the High Court End or the Pavilion End of a pitch under curator Probir Mukherjee.
Eden Gardens is renowned for its large and vociferous crowds. It is
said that "a cricketer's cricketing education is not complete till he
has played in front of a packed Eden Gardens." The Club House of the
stadium has been named as the B.C. Roy Club House, after former Chief
Minister of the State of West Bengal Dr. B. C. Roy. The Headquarters of
the Cricket Association of Bengal are also there at the Eden Gardens.
The stadium also hosts Indian Premier League matches and is the home
venue for Kolkata Knight Riders owned by the Bollywood superstar Shah
 Noted events
Rioting has been seen at the ground during the 1966/67 West Indies and 1969/70 Australian tours.
Hosted the memorable World Cup final of 1987 which ended with Australia defeating England by 7 runs.
The 1996 World Cup semi-final was called off with Sri Lanka on the
verge of victory over the home side, after the home crowd set fire to
the stands after an Indian collapse.
In 1999, leading Indian batsman Sachin Tendulkar was run out after colliding with Pakistan's Shoaib Akhtar.
The crowd thought that Akhtar had impeded Tendulkar and rioted, forcing
the police to evict the spectators. The match continued in front of an
Kapil Dev took an ODI hat-trick against the Sri Lankans in 1991 at the ground. He became the first Indian to take an ODI hat-trick.
Harbhajan Singh took a hat-trick against Australia in 2000/01 at the ground. He became the first Indian to take a hat-trick in Test cricket.
VVS Laxman scored 281 against Australia
in 2000/01. This remains the highest score at the ground. Australia
were defeated despite holding the advantage for the majority of the game
in "the greatest come-from-behind victory of modern times". It was only the third time in Test history that a team had won after being forced to follow on.
Eden Gardens is currently undergoing renovation for the
2011 Cricket World Cup. Renovation has been undertaken to meet the standards set by the International Cricket Council (ICC) for the 2011 World Cup. The Cricket Association of Bengal
retained the team of Burt Hill and VMS to renovate the Eden Garden
Cricket Stadium. The renovation work includes a new clubhouse and
players' facilities, upgrading the exterior wall to give the stadium a
new look, cladding the existing roof structure with a new metal skin,
new/upgraded patron amenities and signage, and general infrastructure
improvements. In addition to being a stadium set to host the
Cricket World Cup in 2011, the structure will also meet the programmatic needs of the regular season and special events.
Eden Gardens faces a huge setback when ICC declares to withdraw India
VS England match from this stadium due to lack of work progress. This
match was scheduled for 27th February 2011. Jagmohan Dalmiya, the current head of Cricket Association of Bengal (CAB) has pleaded with the BCCI (Board Of Control for Cricket in India) to request a 10 day extension from the ICC
since the India-England fixture was to be the only game where the fans
get to see the home team in action during the world cup.The match would
now be hosted by
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